Vroom’s Expectancy (VIE) Theory of Motivation, was proposed by Victor Vroom, a professor at Yale University of Management in his book “Work and Motivation” in 1964. Also known as valence-instrumentality-expectancy
Goal setting theory of motivation is the one of most used process theory of motivation in all the organizations or companies. The theory developed by Edwin Locke & Gary Latham
Abraham Maslow is well known for Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory of Motivation. The theory includes basic 5 levels of needs. Non-fulfillment of these needs motivates a being to take action
Contingency/ Situational Theories- Sometimes the success of a leader does not depend upon the qualities, traits and behaviour of a leader alone. The context in which a leader exhibits her/his
A. The Iowa Leadership Studies by Kurt Lewin (University of Iowa,1930) A series of pioneering leadership studies by Ronald Lippitt and Ralph K. White under Lewin Kurt Lewin is recognized
Meaning of Leadership leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal. In business, leadership is linked to performance. Leadership is a
To study Competency Mapping, we need to understand what is Competency? The basic meaning of competency is as follows- What is Competency? The ability to do something successfully or efficiently.
•As a refinement of Maslow’s theory Clayton Alderfer proposed a hierarchy of three core needs. Existence needs (E) -physical well being ; physiological needs ( food, water, air,and shelter) and
Introduction of Adam’s Equity Theory of Motivation The theory developed by John Stacey Adams (1963), a workplace and behavioral psychologist. Adam’s Equity Theory of Motivation is Process theories of motivation.
First we need to understand What is Motivation? Its definitions, its types then we can utilize that understanding. The term ‘motivation’ -Latin word- ‘movere’ -means ‘to move‘. We all know
The Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) Developed by Weiss, Dawis, England, and Lofquist (1967). The MSQ contains 100 items that yield scores on 20 scales. The MSQ has instructed the employee
Job Descriptive Index (JDI) The JDI was developed by Smith, Kendall, and Hulin (1969). Smith, Kendall, and Hulin (1969) defined job satisfaction as “the feelings a worker has about his