Meaning of Industrial-Organisational (I-O) Psychology
Industrial psychology is the application of psychology to industry.
It is a branch of psychology that deals with applications psychological concepts, principles, ideas, facts, researches, theories, techniques and procedures to the practical problems of the workplace/ Industries/ organizations.
The aim of the Industrial & Organizational (I/O) psychologist is in making organisations more productive while ensuring physically and psychologically productive and healthy lives for Employees/workers.
Definition of Industrial Psychology
According to Blum & Naylor (1968), Industrial psychology defined as “simply the application or extension of psychological facts and principles to the problems concerning human beings operating within the context of business and industry”.
Industrial psychology is individual-oriented.
“the study of individual differences is a major foundation of Industrial psychology” (Argyris, 1976)
Definition of Organisational psychology
As per Collins Dictionary, Organisational psychology defined as “the study of the structure of an organisation and of the ways in which the people in it interact, usually undertaken in order to improve the organisation”.
Organisational psychology is systems-oriented.
Organization is relatively border term as compared to Industry.
Definition of Industrial-Organisational (I-O) Psychology
According to American Psychological Association (APA), ‘The industrial-organizational psychology (also called I/O psychology) is characterized by the scientific study of human behaviour in organizations and the workplace.’
The speciality focuses on deriving principles of individual, group and organizational behaviour and applying this knowledge to the solution of problems at work.