Scope or subject matter of Industrial-Organisational (I-O) Psychology

Scope of Industrial-Organisational (I-O) Psychology

Industrial psychologists were mainly involved in

  • Testing,
  • Selection,
  • Job evaluation, etc.

An industrial psychologist will more focus on matching individuals with existing jobs’

Industrial psychology is individual-oriented.

The research methodology in industrial psychology was largely experimental, empirical and objective in order to obtain data.

Organisational psychologists were involved in

  • Individual behaviour
  • Organisational change.

An organizational psychologist will more focus on modifying jobs, interpersonal and organisational conditions.

Organisational psychology is systems-oriented.

Organisational psychologists have been willing to use less rigorous, humanistic and clinical methods in order to obtain data.

Subject matter of Industrial-Organisational (I-O) Psychology

Muchinsky (2004) Psychology Applied to Work: An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology, noted  six major subject areas of I-O Psychology :

Employee selection: Job analysis,  Staffing, recruitment, Initial Screening tests, Selection assessments,

Ergonomics: It involves designing procedures and equipment designed for efficient performance and reduce injury.

Organizational development: Improve organizations, Increasing profits, Redesigning products, and improving the organizational structure

Performance management: Job evaluation: Evaluation of employees, Methods of Performance-Appraisal Determining pay

Training and development: What type of skills are necessary & how to develop and evaluate employee training programs.

Work-life: Employee satisfaction job satisfaction and maximizing the productivity of the workforce.

Other areas of scope and subject matter of Industrial-Organisational (I-O) Psychology are

  • Competency Mapping- The Art Of Finding Talent
  • Organization Culture:
  • Organization Structure And Design
  • Motivation In Organization- Models
  • Leadership And Empowerment In The Organization
  • etc

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