Logical-Content Approach-Woodworth Personal Data Sheet, Mooney Problem Checklist



2.1 Logical-Content Approach-

    • —‘All the mental abilities in the world remain inert in someone who sits in the corner of a room all day. But even modest mental abilities can go far in a high-energy individual who relates well to others and is organized, persistent, determined, and motivated.’
    • —These non intellective aspects of human behavior, typically distinguished from mental abilities, are called personality characteristics.
    • —vital  in clinical and counseling settings.
    • —Binet hypothesized that a person’s pattern of intellectual functioning might reveal information about personality factors (Binet & Henri, 1896).
    • —WWI- no. personality test.
    • —psychologists used self-report questionnaires-list of statements and required subjects to respond (T/F).
    • —Structured / objective method of personality assessment as distinguished from the projective method.

Strategies of Structured Personality-Test Construction

strategies of structured of personality test construction

    • —Personality as relatively stable and distinctive patterns of behavior that characterize an individual and his or her reactions to the environment.
    • —Structured personality tests evaluate personality traits, personality types, personality states, and other aspects of personality, such as self-concept.
    • —Personality traits= relatively enduring dispositions—tendencies to act, think or feel in a certain manner in any given circumstance and that distinguish one person from another.
    • —Personality types = general descriptions of people; for example, avoiding types have a low social interest and low activity and cope by avoiding social situations.
    • —Personality states= emotional reactions that vary from one situation to another.
    • —self-concept=  a person’s self-definition. an organized and relatively consistent set of assumptions that a person has about him- or herself (Rogers, 1959).

I.Deductive strategies–

—use reason and deductive logic to determine the meaning of test responses.

1.Logical-content strategy

  • — primary strategy.
  • — Uses reason and deductive logic in the development of personality measures.
  • —tries to logically deduce the  type of content that should measure the characteristic to be assessed.
  • —EX -“I frequently eat between meals.”
  •         “I enjoy solving complex puzzles,”—not
  • —    If a person marks “True” for the statement “I am outgoing,” then testers assume that he or she is outgoing.
  • —Assumption= the test item describes the subject’s personality and behavior.


Criticisms of the Logical-Content Approach

  • —Extremely useful as screening devices
  • —answers as honestly as possible.
  • —subjects might not be able to evaluate their own behaviour objectively in the area covered by the test item.
  • —may not interpret the test item in the same way as the test constructor or test user (pot bhar j1 karto?)
  • —sharply criticized by Ellis, 1946; Landis, 1936; Landis,Zubin, & Katz, 1935; McNemar & Landis, 1935

Woodworth Personal Data Sheet

Mooney Problem Checklist

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