Contingency/ Situational Theories- Sometimes the success of a leader does not depend upon the qualities, traits and behaviour of a leader alone. The context in which a leader exhibits her/his skills, traits and behaviour matters. Theory views leadership in terms of a dynamic interaction between
A. The Iowa Leadership Studies by Kurt Lewin (University of Iowa,1930) A series of pioneering leadership studies by Ronald Lippitt and Ralph K. White under Lewin Kurt Lewin is recognized as the father of group dynamics Three different styles of leadership— 1.Authoritarian- Very directive and
Meaning of Leadership leadership is the art of motivating a group of people to act towards achieving a common goal. In business, leadership is linked to performance. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization
To study Competency Mapping, we need to understand what is Competency? The basic meaning of competency is as follows- What is Competency? The ability to do something successfully or efficiently. State or quality of being able and fit. capability, ability, proficiency, knowledge, expertness, skill, resources, talent, aptitude. Competency -an
•As a refinement of Maslow’s theory Clayton Alderfer proposed a hierarchy of three core needs. Existence needs (E) -physical well being ; physiological needs ( food, water, air,and shelter) and safety-related needs (health, secure employment, and property). Relatedness needs (R)- satisfactory relations with others; love/belonging-related
Introduction of Adam’s Equity Theory of Motivation The theory developed by John Stacey Adams (1963), a workplace and behavioral psychologist. Adam’s Equity Theory of Motivation is Process theories of motivation. It explain how workers select behavioural actions to meet their needs and determines their choices.
First we need to understand What is Motivation? Its definitions, its types then we can utilize that understanding. The term ‘motivation’ -Latin word- ‘movere’ -means ‘to move‘. We all know about the motive power or an automotive (self – moving) vehicle. The mechanism of motivation
The Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) Developed by Weiss, Dawis, England, and Lofquist (1967). The MSQ contains 100 items that yield scores on 20 scales. The MSQ has instructed the employee to think and ask themself: How satisfied am I with this aspect of my job?
Job Descriptive Index (JDI) The JDI was developed by Smith, Kendall, and Hulin (1969). Smith, Kendall, and Hulin (1969) defined job satisfaction as “the feelings a worker has about his job” . Commonly Used Standard Inventories for measuring job satisfaction. It consists of a series
Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory or the two-factor theory Developed by Frederick Herzberg (1964). He categories job-related factors divided into two categories—hygiene factors and motivators factors. The basic principle- Job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction are not opposites. The opposite of Satisfaction is No Satisfaction. The opposite of Dissatisfaction is No Dissatisfaction. 1.
ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR (OB) “Organisational behaviour (OB) is the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself”.- Moorhead & Griffin (1995) History- Historical roots found in Hawthorne studies (1920s) of Western Electric Company series of studies