Maslow’s surprisingly interesting Need Hierarchy Theory of Motivation

Abraham Maslow is well known for Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory of Motivation. The theory includes basic 5 levels of needs. Non-fulfillment of these needs motivates a being to take action Read More …

Fiedler’s Contingency Leadership Theory

Contingency/ Situational Theories- Sometimes the success of a leader does not depend upon the qualities, traits and behaviour of a leader alone. The context in which a leader exhibits her/his Read More …

History of leadership

A. The Iowa Leadership Studies by Kurt Lewin (University of Iowa,1930) A series of pioneering leadership studies by Ronald Lippitt and Ralph K. White under Lewin Kurt Lewin is recognized Read More …

What is Competency Mapping? Methods of Competency Mapping

To study Competency Mapping, we need to understand what is Competency? The basic meaning of competency is as follows- What is Competency? The ability to do something successfully or efficiently. Read More …

What is Alderfer’s ERG Motivation Theory?

•As a refinement of Maslow’s theory Clayton Alderfer proposed a hierarchy of three core needs. Existence needs (E) -physical well being ; physiological needs ( food, water, air,and shelter) and Read More …

What is Adam’s Equity Motivation Theory? & its interesting aspects.

Introduction of Adam’s Equity Theory of Motivation The theory developed by John Stacey Adams (1963), a workplace and behavioral psychologist. Adam’s Equity Theory of Motivation is Process theories of motivation. Read More …

How To Use Motivation theories in workplace/ organization?

First we need to understand What is Motivation? Its definitions, its types then we can utilize that understanding.  The term ‘motivation’ -Latin word- ‘movere’ -means ‘to move‘. We all know Read More …

Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ)

The Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ) Developed by Weiss, Dawis, England, and Lofquist (1967). The MSQ contains 100 items that yield scores on 20 scales. The MSQ  has instructed the employee Read More …

Job Descriptive Index (JDI)

Job Descriptive Index (JDI) The JDI was developed by Smith, Kendall, and Hulin (1969). Smith, Kendall, and Hulin (1969) defined job satisfaction as “the feelings a worker has about his Read More …

What Is Herzberg’s Motivation Theory And Its Criticisms?

Herzberg’s motivation-hygiene theory or the two-factor theory Developed by  Frederick Herzberg (1964). He categories job-related factors divided into two categories—hygiene factors and motivators factors. The basic principle- Job satisfaction and job Read More …