What is Psychology?
The word psychology has Greek roots; it means study of the psyche (i.e “breath, spirit, soul”) and logos means “science or study of” or “research“.
The symbol of Psychology is the 23rd Greek alphabet ‘Psi’ (Ψ) means soul or mind.
Earlier, Psychology was ‘the science of mind’, then it became ‘the science of consciousness’ (by Wilhelm Wundt); study of unconscious (by Sigmund Freud) ; ‘a science of behavior’ (by John Watson), and finally ‘The study of human behaviour and mental processes.’
- Psychology is the scientific study of the activities of the individual in relation to his environment.
Psychology study mental processes, experience, and behaviour of Individual, dyadic (two person) group, and organizational. They also have biological as well as social bases.
Basically Psychology is
1 Study of consciousness
2 Study of unconscious
3 Study of behaviour
b. Mental processes
c. Scientific method
What are definitions of psychology?
According to some psychologist, researches and experts like
- William James (1890) defined psychology as “the science of mental life, both of its phenomena and their conditions”.
- John B. Watson (1913) defined psychology as “the acquisition of information useful to the control of behavior”.
- Ciccarelli & Meyer,2006 defined psychology as “the scientific study of behavior and mental processes.”
- Rathus, (2008) defined psychology as “the science that studies behavior and mental processes.”
- American Psychological Association (APA) defined, “Psychology is a multifaceted discipline and includes many sub-fields of study such areas as human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes.”
So, basically psychology studies, the nervous system, sensation and perception, learning and memory, intelligence, language and thinking, growth and development, motivation and emotion, personality, stress, psychological disorders, ways of treating those disorders, sexual behavior, and the behavior of people in social settings such as groups and organizations.
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