Culture determines what is learnt and influences how and when it is learnt. What and how a person learns influences in large measure by the culture in which the learning occurs and the social interaction processes in which the learner engages. It is the quality of these interactions rather than processes solely within the learner, that determine the quality of the learning outcome.
(1) many of the ideas students learn are culturally determined.
(2) cultural influences initiate the purpose or reason for learning.
(3) cultural influences make suggestions about how to think and learn.
(4) to learn culturally valued ideas, learners need to align their personal knowledge with the socially-culturally accepted group understanding.
for details, please read the article of John Munro ‘ Social-cultural influences on learning‘.