Development of an Ideal Personality

The development of an ideal personality involves mastering various dimensions such as communication, decision-making, ethics, and time management. These components are essential for personal growth, professional success, and overall well-being. In this study note, we explore each dimension in detail, accompanied by subpoints and relevant.


Definitions of Personality Development 

  • According to American Psychological Association (2018) the gradual development of personality in terms of characteristic emotional responses or temperament, a recognizable style of life, personal roles and role behaviors, a set of values and goals, typical patterns of adjustment, characteristic interpersonal relations and sexual relationships, characteristic traits, and a relatively fixed self-image.
  • Personality development refers to the continuous process of maturation and growth in an individual’s psychological and behavioral traits over time (Erik Erikson, 1950).
  • Personality development involves the dynamic interaction between biological predispositions, environmental influences, and individual experiences, shaping one’s unique patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors (McCrae & Costa, 1990)

Communication Skills:

Effective communication is crucial for conveying ideas, building relationships, and resolving conflicts. It comprises verbal and non-verbal communication, active listening, and adaptability.

According to Riggio (2017), effective communication skills enhance interpersonal relationships, foster collaboration, and facilitate conflict resolution. Developing active listening skills, practicing empathy, and honing verbal and non-verbal communication techniques are essential aspects of improving communication proficiency.

  1. Clarity and Concision: Expressing ideas in a clear, concise, and organized manner ensures the message is understood (Center for Plain Language, 2023).
  2. Verbal Communication: Clear articulation of ideas and thoughts is vital. For instance, during a team meeting, expressing ideas concisely and persuasively ensures effective communication and team alignment.
  3. Non-verbal Communication: Body language and facial expressions convey additional meaning. For example, maintaining eye contact and open body posture while conversing signals attentiveness and sincerity.
  4. Active Listening: Listening attentively and empathetically fosters understanding and rapport. In a customer service setting, paraphrasing customer concerns demonstrates active listening and enhances customer satisfaction.
  5. Empathy: Understanding and acknowledging the speaker’s emotions builds trust and creates a more open communication environment (Boyatzis & Goleman, 2017).

Decision-Making Abilities:

Effective decision-making involves evaluating options, considering consequences, and making informed choices aligned with goals and values.  It involves problem-solving skills and creative thinking.

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) emphasize the role of cognitive biases in decision-making processes, highlighting the importance of critical thinking and reflection. Developing decision-making abilities involves cultivating analytical skills, seeking diverse perspectives, and embracing uncertainty to make informed and effective choices.

  1. Analytical Thinking: Analyzing information and data aids in making rational decisions. For instance, a financial analyst evaluates market trends and risk factors to recommend investment strategies.
  2. Risk Assessment: Assessing risks and benefits guides decision-making. For example, a project manager evaluates potential risks associated with a new project and develops mitigation plans to ensure project success.
  3. Problem-Solving Skills: Identifying the core of a problem and creatively generating solutions (Hechter, 2018)..

Ethical Considerations:

Ethics refers to the principles of right and wrong that guide our behavior. An ideal personality prioritizes ethical conduct, considering the impact of their actions on themselves and others. It involves honesty, fairness, and social responsibility.

Research by Treviño and Nelson (2016) underscores the significance of ethical leadership in promoting organizational integrity and trust. Cultivating ethical awareness, practicing ethical decision-making, and fostering a culture of integrity contribute to the development of an ethical personality.

  1. Integrity: Acting with honesty and transparency fosters trust. For instance, a leader admitting mistakes and taking responsibility for them demonstrates integrity and accountability.
  2. Fairness: Treating everyone with respect and ensuring a level playing field (Forsyth, 2017).  Allocating resources and opportunities fairly among team members enhances morale and collaboration.
  3. Social Responsibility: Considering the impact of decisions on society and the environment is crucial. Supporting sustainable practices and community initiatives reflects corporate social responsibility and ethical leadership.
  4. Accountability: Taking responsibility for one’s actions and decisions (Gentile, 2013).

Time Management:

Effective time management is essential for productivity and goal achievement. It includes prioritization, goal setting, and minimizing distractions.

Covey (1994) emphasize the importance of aligning activities with personal values and long-term objectives to maximize productivity and fulfillment. Adopting time management strategies such as prioritization, delegation, and goal setting enables individuals to optimize their use of time and achieve desired outcomes.

  1. Prioritization: Identifying the most important tasks and allocating time accordingly (McKay, Davis & Fanning, 2013). For example, a student prioritizes studying for exams over leisure activities to meet academic goals.
  2. Goal Setting: Establishing SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, Time-bound) goals provides clarity and motivation. Breaking down larger goals into smaller milestones helps track progress and maintain momentum.
  3. Minimizing Distractions: Creating a conducive environment for focused work enhances productivity. Turning off notifications and scheduling dedicated work periods reduce distractions and improve concentration.


The development of an ideal personality involves honing communication skills, refining decision-making abilities, upholding ethical principles, and mastering time management techniques. By integrating these dimensions into daily practices, individuals can enhance their effectiveness, build meaningful relationships, and achieve personal and professional success.


  1. Baumeister, R. F., & Vohs, K. D. (2004). On resisting temptation: Limits of willpower in real-life contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(4), 773-779.
  2. Riggio, R. E. (2017). Introduction to industrial/organizational psychology. Routledge.
  3. Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. (1979). Prospect theory: An analysis of decision under risk. Econometrica, 47(2), 263-291.
  4. Treviño, L. K., & Nelson, K. A. (2016). Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do it right. John Wiley & Sons.
  5. Covey, S. R. (1994). The 7 habits of highly effective people: Powerful lessons in personal change. Simon and Schuster.

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