Cognitive Mediation theory Cognitive mediation theory proposed by American psychologist Richard Lazarus (1922-2002). Richard Lazarus attempts to explain how cognition, stress, and emotion interrelate to one another through the cognitive mediational theory of emotion. His theory focuses on the role of what he called “appraisal”.
Carl Rogers originated a popular approach to psychotherapy known initially as non-directive or client-centered theory/ therapy and later as person-centered theory/ therapy. Rogers’s personality theory, like Maslow’s, stands on humanistic psychology, which Rogers made the framework for the patient–therapist relationship. Rogers developed his theory not
Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) started as the Social Learning Theory (SLT) in the 1960s by Albert Bandura. Bandura was born in the province of Alberta, Canada. He was elected president of the American Psychological Association. He was presented with the American Psychological Foundation’s Gold Medal
Operant Conditioning. The operant conditioning is the procedure by which a change in the consequences of a response will affect the rate at which the response occurs. The operant-conditioning process, the progress of a rat in Skinner’s operant-conditioning apparatus, also known as the Skinner box.
Adler’s individual psychology Alfred Adler (1870-1937), an Austrian medical doctor, gave importance to the social context in the development of personality as well as the interpersonal relationships. He suggested that everyone strives to attain glory, power, superiority and overcome all obstacles of life. People develop
Jung’s Analytical Psychology. Carl Gustav Jung(1875-1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and a close friend of Sigmund Freud. He emphasized the idea that we need to study different cultures as it will provide the essence of humanity. Jung’s personality theory is known as the analytic theory
The psychodynamic approach to personality stems from Sigmund Freud’s theory about how and why people become who they are. Psyche: According to Freud, an internal structure of the mind is made up of three parts: the id, the ego, and the superego. 1. Id is the
Classification is the process by which objects, events, people, or experiences are grouped into classes on the basis of (a) characteristics shared by members of the same class and (b) features distinguishing the members of one class from those of another. Personality is the enduring
The Idiographic and Nomothetic approach tackle Personality Psychology from opposing angles. Personality psychologists study something that is supposedly unique to each of us, yet also something we all have Definitions of idiographic and nomothetic approach of personality. An idiographic approach involves the thorough, intensive study of a single person
In the more modern psychodynamic perspective, the focus may still include the unconscious mind. And its influence over conscious behavior and on early childhood experiences. But with less of an emphasis on sex and sexual motivations. And more emphasis on the development of a sense
Introduction to Transactional Analysis Transactional Analysis, TA given by Eric Berne, is a psychological tool. It enables us to understand the structure or the elements that constitute our personality. The way TA describes our personality is very simple. As a result it is devoid of
Raymond Cattell was a British-American psychologist, known for his psychometric research. It was based on intrapersonal psychological structure. Consequently he put forth ‘Cattell’s 16 Personality Factor Theory’. In addition, his work explored the basic dimensions of personality and temperament, the range of cognitive abilities, the